History Series: Thanksgiving Indian

History of Thanksgiving Indian

Why Squanto already knew English

Bill Petro
3 min readNov 23, 2023

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Massasoit
Massasiut Statue, Plymouth, MA. Author’s photo

HISTORY OF THANKSGIVING: FRIENDLY INDIAN SQUANTO

We’ve all heard how the Pilgrims, landing in Massachusetts four hundred years ago on the Mayflower in 1620, were ill-equipped to survive the harsh winters of the New World. We’ve also heard how they met a Native American Indian of the Patuxet tribe, Squanto, who befriended them. He taught them how to survive in their new wilderness home, how to plant and fertilize their crops and fish, and acted as an interpreter with the Wampanoag tribe and its chief, Massasoit (pictured above from Plymouth, MA).

The fact that he already knew English before the Pilgrims landed is what is remarkable.

Squanto at Thanksgiving

The man Tisquantum, better known as Squanto, probably was present at the first Thanksgiving celebration held by the Pilgrims. He was certainly there by 1621 — after the winter when the Pilgrims lost half of their population to starvation and diseases — when another Indian, Samoset, introduced Squanto to the Pilgrim settlers and became a member of their colony. Because Squanto could speak English well, Governor William Bradford asked him to serve as his ambassador to the Indian tribes.

Over a decade before the Pilgrims landed, Squanto was captured from Massachusetts and taken, along with other Indians, by an English ship captain and sold into slavery in Málaga, Spain.

Squanto Kidnapped to Europe

There, Squanto was bought by a Spanish monk, who treated him well, freed him from slavery, and taught him the Christian faith. Squanto eventually made his way to England — where he either learned or improved his English — and worked in the stables of John Slaney. Slaney, sympathizing with Squanto’s desire to return home, promised to put the Indian on the first vessel bound for America.

Squanto Returns to America

Ten years after Squanto was first kidnapped, not until 1618 — a ship was found. Finally, after a decade of exile, Squanto returned home. There, he learned that his tribe had…

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Bill Petro

Writer, historian, technologist. Former Silicon Valley tech exec. Author of fascinating articles on history, tech, pop culture, & travel. https://billpetro.com